By Staff Reporter

Pope urges Kenyans to end tribalism and corruption

Pope Francis has urged Kenyans to unite and take a stand against the destructive effects of tribalism.

During a speech to young people in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, he got the audience to hold hands to symbolise that they stood together as one nation.

Kenya was shaken by inter-ethnic violence after elections in 2007 in which 1,200 people died.

The pontiff also made an impassioned plea against corruption, saying: “Corrupt people don’t live in peace.”

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The BBC’s Ruth Nesoba at the Kasarani stadium, where the Pope spoke about issues affecting young people, says the crowd cheered wildly when he condemned corruption and urged them not to accept bribes.

“Each time… we put it in our pockets, we destroy our hearts – we destroy our personalities and we destroy our country. Please don’t develop that taste for that sugar that is corruption.”

Pope holding hands at Kasarani stadium
Image copyright A
Image caption“We are all a nation,” the Pope told the packed stadium in Nairobi
A boy holds a picture of Pope Francis as he awaits his arrival at the St Joseph The Worker Catholic Church in the Kangemi slum of Nairobi, KenyaImage copyrightAP
Image captionPeople lined the streets to welcome the Pope in the Kangemi slum

Overcoming tribalism would be a daily endeavour that would require Kenyans to listen to one another to avoid division, he said.

“I want to invite you all – that we hold each other’s hands – let’s hold hands together, let’s stand up as a sign against bad tribalism – we are all a nation.”

Pope Francis also addressed radicalisation in a country that has suffered several serious attacks by Islamists from the Somalia-based al-Shabab group.

“If a young woman or man has no work, can not study, what can he or she do? The first thing we have to do to stop a young person to be recruited is education and work.”

‘End land grabbing’

Earlier, the pontiff was cheered as he arrived at his first stop of the day in Kangemi, which is home to tens of thousands of people living in cramped rooms, usually without running water and basic sanitation.

He criticised private developers for grabbing land from poor people, referring to an incident earlier this year when police fired tear gas at children protesting against developers trying to take over their playground.

Playground anger:

Pupils protesting at Lang'ata schoolImage copyright EPA
  • In January children from a council-run school in Nairobi demonstrated against the apparent sale of their playground
  • The authorities later apologised after police tear-gassed the children
  • A minister confirmed that the play area belonged to the school, not a private developer

Tear gas at Kenya playground protest

Picture power: Tear gas at Kenyan primary school

He was also critical of wealthy minorities indifferent to the plight of the poor and called for improved living conditions and infrastructure in urban areas – including drinking water and schools.

Pope Francis blesses the crowd at the Church of Saint Joseph the Worker in the Nairobi shanty town of Kangemi in Kenya - 27 November 2015Image copyrightAFP
Image captionThe Pope criticised wealthy minorities who hoard resources at the expense of the poor

It was a duty for all to ensure that the poor in urban areas had the “three Ls” – access to land, lodging, and labour, he said.

The Pope will go to Uganda later on Friday, before travelling to the Central African Republic (CAR) on Sunday.

Religion in sub-Saharan Africa:

  • The Christian population is 517 million (63% of total)
  • Protestants make up more than half the number
  • Catholics make up about a third
  • The Muslim population is 248 million (about 30% of total)
  • 1.1 billion Christians expected by 2050
  • 670 million Muslims expected by 2050

Profile: Pope Francis

Source: US-based Pew Research Center 2011 survey


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